Write a 1,250-1,500-word paper analyzing concepts of contemporary financial management within the context of todays economic conditions and the increased occurrences of corporate restructuring. Research financial management and corporate restructuring. Use a minimum of three articles to support your analysis. When researching, focus on articles which discuss real-world cases that exemplify the essence of each required component below and how they can or may have contributed to a corporate restructuring. Your analysis should include a discussion of the following: The roles and objectives of financial management. The significance of evaluating financial performance, financial planning, and forecasting, and examples of how each can be carried out. Current conditions of fixed income and common stock securities and how these conditions impact financial management. Risk and return and its role in financial management. The main objectives of a firm or and individual should never invest there capital without ensuring that their assets. A company or and individual should invest there capital in a way that their assets will obtain an income of money before the liabilities demand an expense. Liquidity is important to firms, to ensure they are capable of maintaining an adequate and regular amount of funds. Capital budgeting is to insure that a firm is utilizing funds properly and to the best judgments while increasing the capacity of an enterprise. Capital structure management is in place to ensure that proper decision making is being practiced and that funding is allocated properly. Risk management is also important which includes the management of interest rates, financial, market prices, exchange rates, and credit management. It is important to have financial control of a firm and exercise the control of finances. The main roles of a firm are important to achieve the main goal of profitability for stakeholders and the firm. The upper level executives of a firm are given specific roles for different business units in an organization in order to have involvement of best practice in reporting, financial management and financial governance. For a company to be successful and legal, executives must perform adequate planning and budgeting to point out the liquidity slack and liquidity surplus periods. Its important for a firm to balance priorities within a budget and is responsible for the financial projections of the firm. An executive must know and understand how much a product is expected to cost and how much revenue it is expected to earn so that the executive can invest the appropriate amount in the product. While staying legal and ensuring the companies profitability, there are many risks to take in consideration. While playing out the duties as an executive it is important to manage risk throughout the companys balance sheet while providing robust advice on improving the performance of assets. In conclusion, there is a lot to consider when taking on the responsibilities of a financial manager. There could be a lot of pressure with so many factors to consider. The future of the company and the future of stakeholders investments lye in your hands. Its important to maintain legal operations ethically and provide transparency to stakeholders. You would have to capture and maintain interest in a company to keep investors interested. If the interest is lost in the eye of investors, the company is basically lost. So the financial managers are really holding a lot of power if not all the power in the company. Therefore the objectives and the roles of financial managers are crucial to future of the firm and should be maintained very carefully in order to be successful. Common stocks will refer to the ownership interest in the issuers corporation, it does not require/result in the issuer to pay on the fixed schedule. Which are issued by the corporations, with a certain count of shares that are approved to be issued by a board of directors. The common shareholders have a right to vote on issues affecting the firm with each being entitled to poses one vote. Also right to receive same dividend amount per share only when they are approved by the board of directors, most firms do not pay the dividends because they are not guaranteed. Suppose a corporation is dissolved or closed and turned into cash the common shareholders will have the last claim on the valuable things of the firm, claims of preferred stockholders, (companies that lend money) and bondholders come first once they are paid/made up for, any sum left behind from the closing (to turn into cash) of corporate valuable things will be spread around to them (Fabozzi, 2001). The individuals who put resources into basic stock ought to be educated of the dangers it has, if the cost of regular shares may change essentially, more than the cost of corporate securities or favored stocks there is no insurance of come back to the holder. However the load of an effective firm climbs extraordinarily about whether and the holders are qualified for perceive these benefits whenever throughout the offer of their stock. A security is a financial gadget that represents an ownership of an organization or a corporation, it is an exchangeable, open to discussion gadget that represents a form of financial value. The company or corporation that issues it is referred to as the issuer. Commonly securities are separated into equities that show ownership interest that a shareholder has on a corporation and securities which shows borrowed money that are should be paid. In most countries sale of securities are (made two or more things look the same or happen at the same time) or controlled by organizations such as the Securities and Exchange Commission. Public companies have two categories of securities which they issue, the fixed stock security and the common stock security. A paper valuable thing consisting the possibility to be traded in small amounts mainly in the derivative market is referred to as a security, those which pay fixed sum of income are called fixed income securities on the other hand common stock securities are believed to be the simple type of ownership of any corporation (Fabozzi & Choudhry, 2004). Fixed income securities are any type of securities apart from equity that are able to force the issuer to pay on unchanging program and the sum of payments may be changeable. In general this security refers to an investment medium which includes an admitted/recognized/responded to interest voucher or favored dividend rate of income till the time when the investment will be sold, the admitted/recognized/responded to par value is referred by the issuer, or it is redeemed on the due date and the date of maturity of the securities which have a fixed sum of return of principal and a fixed income payments, thats the reason for the are usually considered to be less risky than common stocks and the strength of risk differs with the credit superiority of the issuer because they represent a share of the stockholders capital in a corporation or company. Some types of this security include among others notes, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, treasury bills and bonds. In the changing economical condition and economic expansion contemporary financial management has a very pertinent role. Modern reforms of contemporary financial management are the foundation for sustained economic growth and reducing inequalities. Such successful financial management strengthened budget execution. Through this Government is now engaging in a second wave of improving financial systems to deal weaknesses in governance. The term Contemporary means that this approach to new financial management which has a modern objective and outlook for financial system and entail maximum economic growth and strength. It involves new financial decision, tracking the variance between actual and budgeted results and identifying the reasons for this variance etc. At the most fundamental level contemporary financial management is concerned with managing assets, liabilities, revenues, profitability and financial system. It goes a step further in ensuring that the economic condition and financial system remains on track to attain its goals and maximizing the growth. Contemporary financial management espouses transparency, accountability and greater review and feedback in the finance and budgeting process, with the aim of promoting sound financial management and ensuring accountability also. The New financial management introduces a system for use of Funds which intended to finance only the targeted services, programs and projects or pre-conditioned policies and, where the recipient does not have discretionary power to spend those funds. The funds must be appropriated efficiently as per the prescribed method. Spending of money must be approved in accordance with the provisions of the contemporary financial management. Contemporary financial management having Committees must be consulted regarding any lending or loans etc. The recipient must have proper up-to-date audited financial statements. Contemporary financial management encourages forward planning by clearly setting out responsible resources and deadlines. Contemporary financial management creates new roles and bodies to create systems and consistency throughout the budgeting processes, to work to prevent opportunities for corrupt practices, to implementing the policy changes, to overseeing the use of funds within financial system, to take care of use of public resources and for financial planning, budget review and assessment. This lead to a more productive use of resources. Provisions of Contemporary financial management may also include penalties and disciplinary sanction. The main aim is clearly to give the new mechanism, new edge and position to the financial system. Contemporary financial management is directly or indirectly connected with Corporate restructuring. Corporate restructuring comprises contemporary financial management. Firstly, corporate restructuring is the process of reorganizing the ownership and legal operational structures of a company in order to make it more profitable, so that it is better organized than at present. It is corporate managements term for the act of partially dismantling and reorganizing a company in order to make it more efficient and therefore more profitable. It generally involves making major sacrifices by selling off parts of the company and making severe staff reductions. Corporate restructuring is the process of restructuring, which included mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, plant closings, the relocation of production offshore, downsizing, and extensive reorganization of the workplace. Companies are being urged to change because the world is changing. People are changing; our society is changing; competitors are changing; government is changing; technology is changing. So it must be the duty of Management to change and managers are being challenged to improve the way they manage. Corporate restructuring becomes necessary when a company must improve its profitability and efficiency. Corporate restructuring is not only inevitable, but necessary and it has become commonplace in companies policy and business circles. There are a number of reasons corporations require restructuring. It may be necessary due to change of ownership, buy-outs, bankruptcy or takeovers. Corporate restructuring is also described as debt restructuring and financial restructuring as it usually involves the restructuring of the companys assets and liabilities. Restructuring can be accomplished by various methods. Out of which one is the contemporary financial management also. Restructuring can involve dismantling and rebuilding areas within the company, which requires special attention from management. Those involved in the restructuring effort usually hire financial and legal advisers to assist in the negotiations and transaction details. Selling off portions of the company, such as a division that is no longer profitable or which has taken too much of managements time and not letting them concentrate on their core business, can greatly improve the companys balance sheet. Staff can be reduced by selling or closing unprofitable parts of the company and by consolidating and outsourcing parts of the company that perform non-profit-producing work, such as payroll, human resources, etc. The job losses and other unfortunate consequences of restructuring are simply the result of impersonal market forces over which businesses and governments have no control but unfortunately the new global economic environment requires larger and more powerful corporations and this result in restructuring. Restructuring lead to Changes in corporate financial management. it include Sale of underutilized assets, including patents and brands Moving operations such as manufacturing to lower-cost locations, outsourcing operations such as payroll and technical support to a more efficient third party and reorganizing functions such as sales, marketing and distribution. Restructuring also include refinancing of corporate debt in order to reduce interest payments and Renegotiating labor contracts in order to reduce overhead. From a social point of view, a corporation is a sociological institution as well as a collection of financial assets and, while employees understand that corporate change is necessary for corporate survival, they will not accept abrupt, radical change imposed from outside that has nothing to do with current business conditions. The global economic environment is determined by the actions of governments as well as corporate business. The growth of ever-larger corporations through merger and acquisition requires a supportive legal and political atmosphere. Politicians are also unlikely to accept a craze for corporate restructuring. This atmosphere has been more than supportive as evidenced by past many years of lax antitrust policy. federal and state governments have given billions of dollars in subsidies, grants, reduced taxes, and subsidized credit to large corporations, directly and indirectly supporting corporate restructuring. To the extent that corporate restructuring has been aided and abetted by government policy, it should call into question the conventional wisdom that corporate restructuring is the result of impersonal market forces and it is right for the Companies that they must disclose restructuring immediately rather than wait for any potential damages. The process of restructuring lies in the establishment of a detailed strategy to transform the existing operations into an ideal operation. The process must be performed carefully to ensure that it will have the least adverse effect on the operation and, most importantly, on the individuals who have worked in the company for many years. Restructuring improve the financial performance or economic wealth by change in the financial restructuring and organization restructuring. Here, financial restructuring may also called Contemporary financial management and this restructuring include significant changes in capital structure of an organization, including leveraged buyout, leveraged re-capitalization and debt for equity swap. At Last, the process of corporate restructuring involves the financial restructuring or changes in financial management as one of the method of restructuring. This changes in the financial management also called contemporary financial management which lead to economic growth and expansion. Effect of Corporate restructuring and contemporary financial management on the performance of economy is very positive and very important. In toto, a company that has been financially restructured effectively will theoretically be leaner, more efficient, better organized, and better focused on its core business with a revised strategic and financial plan.
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